OTC Intermediaries

OTC Intermediaries

This paper uses a model of trade in over-the-counter markets to assess the impact of trade frictions, why prices may vary across intermediaries and customers, and the financial stability implications from the price impact of a dealer’s failure. Proprietary credit default swap data are used to estimate the model. (Working Paper no. 18-05)

Abstract

Over-the-counter (OTC) markets for financial assets are dominated by a relatively small number of core intermediaries and a large number of peripheral customers. In this paper, we develop a model of trade in a core-periphery network and estimate its key structural parameters using proprietary credit default swap data from the Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC). Using our calibrated model, we provide quantitative estimates of: (1) the effect of network frictions on the level of OTC derivatives prices; (2) the key determinants of cross sectional dispersion in bilateral prices; and (3) how prices and risk-sharing change in response to the failure of a dealer.

Keywords: OTC markets, networks, intermediaries, dealers, credit default swaps, risk sharing